He found that work which brings us into a flow state is most rewarding. This state is beyond culture and education but usually comes when a skill is highly developed and practiced. We don’t have to think about the process but just step into it and go with it.
He outlines these common features of Flow:
1 – completely involved in what we’re doing
2 – a sense of ecstasy or joy, outside of everyday reality
3 – inner clarity – knowing what needs to be done and how well we’re doing
4 – knowing it’s doable and we’re up for the task
5 – serenity – no worries about self, growing beyond boundaries of ego
6 – timelessness, in the present, hours pass by quickly
7 – intrinsic motivation – the flow becomes its own reward
You may notice this is similar to meditative states and qualities of enlightenment. And indeed, research shows meditation practitioners step into a similar state to high functioning performers, athletes, and business people. These qualities of experience come with a key marker: cross-brain EEG coherence. The brain working as one.
– transcending (samadhi) during meditation creates coherence
– the coherence from daily practice is gradually carried forward into activity
– years of practice to perfect a skill may develop coherence resulting in high performers
According to research, high mind-brain development is the largest contributor to world-class performance and stepping into the zone (flow) in any field. Education contributes 1%, experience 3%, and adult age 0. Practice is a larger contributor but I’d suspect our approach to the practice matters a lot. A grudging slog will not bring the same results as a joyful focus.
(I tried to find a simple link to a non-geeky description of the research but wasn’t successful.)
Curiously, this discovery was accidental. During research into higher stages of development, my brain physiology professor in grad school, Dr. Fred Travis, discovered coherence in the EEG. They soon discovered coherence between different parts of the brain grew with regular transcendence. Exploring this further, they found occasional control subjects had the same feature and it was highly correlated with high performance in their field.
This lead to a focus on high performance and how to develop it. Effortless meditation and skill in the field are key. I’ve just discovered they’ve written a book on the topic called Excellence through Mind-Brain Development. It outlines 4 “performance dimensions.” I’ve not seen it. Here’s its website.
The nice part? Enlightenment is a side effect of enjoying life. 🙂