There are several ways of seeing the relationship between senses and their objects, the elements. Our perspective can change.
The senses themselves are obvious to us because of their mechanisms: the eyes, ears, and so forth.
The element side is not as obvious to most Westerners, often considering them an idea from old philosophies. Rather, we attribute “element” to the atomic configuration of a substance.
The older meaning is of the subtle quality that supports manifestation on each progressive layer of becoming (kosha).
Space, on the celestial and where our universe first begins
Air, the subtle geometry and structure of form
Fire, the mind and fields
Water, the emotions and energy
Earth, the physical
Some experience the elements arising in sequential loops of a spiral into increasing density and expression.
As an aside, there are actually seven senses but the most subtle two don’t express and thus have no objects that manifest. I describe the sixth as knowingness, relating to the subtle structures of consciousness. The seventh is oneness or wholeness, arising with consciousness itself. These correspond to the highest two koshas (sheathes).
Everything we experience as objects is a blend of the elements. Our different senses are attuned to the specific element, but they exist together. Our usual physical experiences are a blend of all five elements and senses. But a daydream in the mind, for example, has fewer elements typically expressed.
From the perspective of Samkhya philosophy, the sense and element arise together in parallel as consciousness expresses within itself.
From another perspective of refined perception, we may see objects arising in consciousness, then the senses to perceive them. For example, the celestial arises with a quality of space. This vibrates and we perceive sound.
And from an even more refined place, we may recognize the senses are qualities in consciousness, prior to any objects or elements. Sensing is an expression of the process of experience. It can be experienced as qualities of consciousness prior to their manifestation.
In Unity stage, when we experience what it is to be a tree, we can recognize they have senses even though they may not have sense organs. Without the organs, they can’t focus or direct the sensing but experiences still arise in a more generalized way.
This leads to the recognition that sensing (experiencing) is a property of consciousness itself and that the senses lead to their forms of expression, the elements.
For example, space is not limited to the celestial and more manifest levels. That’s just where it begins to manifest as a world appearance.
Everything is flavours of consciousness. Ultimately, those flavours are all qualities of Divinity.